Introduction to Earth Systems

Figure 1

 The Earth is a complex, dynamic planet that is constantly changing when its structure is created approx. 4.6 billion years ago. These are the changes and features of today that we see as interactions between different internal and external subsystems and periods. In our solar system, the earth is unique because it supports life and has a river of water, hospitality and different climate. It supports life as we know it because of factors, such as the sun, its interior, the distance from the crust, the oceans and the environment. Alternatively, the processes of life affect the spread of the earth's environment, the sea and, to some extent, its vegetation over time. These natural factors and the changes they bring have also affected the tradition of life. If we look at the Earth as a whole, we can see countless interactions occurring between its various components. In addition, these components do not act individually but are interconnected - so that when one part changes, it affects the other parts. We can better assess the complexity of the Earth by considering it as a system. The idea of the system makes the Earth easier to study because it divides the whole into smaller components that we can better understand without ignoring how all the ingredients fit together as a system. 

A system is defined as a combination of related interactions in an organized way.
 The information, materials, and energy entering the system from abroad are inputs, while the information, materials, and energy coming out of the system output. A car system is a good example of a system. Its various subsystems include the engine, gearbox, steering wheel, and brakes. These subsystems are interconnected in such a way that a change in any of them affects the others. The main input to the car system is gasoline and its outputs are traffic, heat, and pollutants. We can look at the Earth in the same way we see a car, that is, as a system of interconnected components that interact and influence each other in many ways. The main subsystems of the Earth are the atmosphere, the hydrosphere, the biosphere, the lithosphere, the mantle, and the nucleus. The complex interactions between these subsystems lead to a dynamically changing body that exchanges matter and energy and recycles them into different forms. The rock cycle is a great example. It shows how we must not forget the interaction between the inside and the outside of three of the main rocks of the Earth. Humans are part of the Earth's crust that processes materials to form groups and our presence alone affects this system, to some extent. Therefore, we must understand that the actions we take can cause changes with a wide range of effects that we may not be aware of. For this reason, we must give primary importance to the understanding of geology in particular and science in general. In order for the human species to survive, we need to understand how the various systems of the Earthwork and interact with each other, and most importantly, how Our practices affect the delicate balance between these systems.

Figure 1:The atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, mantle, and core can all be thought of as subsystems of Earth The interactions among these subsystems are what makes Earth a dynamic planet, which has evolved and continues to change since its ongin 4.6 billion years ago.

Example: A series of gears can be used to illustrate how some of Earth's systems and processes interact. Pistons and driving rods represent energy sources or driving mechanisms, large gears represent important processes or cycles, and small gears represent connecting processes or relationships. Pulleys are used to show relationships to other systems. Although gears are a useful way to represent systems diagrammatically, remember that rea! Earth systems are far more complex.

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